By William Shakespeare. ROMEO AND JULIET BENVOLIO nephew to Montague, and friend to Romeo. TYBALT Romeo and Juliet: ACT I. Volume III Book. CHORUS. PRINCE ESCALUS, Prince of Verona. PARIS, a young Count, kinsman to the Prince. MONTAGUE, heads of two houses at variance with each other. Download Romeo and Juliet free in PDF & EPUB format. Download William Shakespeare.'s Romeo and Juliet for your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC.
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Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written early in the career of William Shakespeare about two young star-crossed lovers whose. are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new. Romeo & Juliet: The Graphic Novel. Original Text Version. William Shakespeare. First published: December Reprinted: October , October
Romeo begs to stop the duel, but one of the men from his family is disgusted by such a plea and starts the duel. Romeo, trying to stop the fight, finds himself in between, and kills Tybalt. As a result, he is banished from Verona for his crime, as the ruler has promised. He spends his last night in the city with his love, Juliet.
She is worried and does not know what to do, since her father wants to marry her off, not knowing she is already married. She first tries to talk to her nurse, but she is not satisfied with her advice — to marry Paris since he is a better match, and decides to ask for help from Friar Lawrence.
He has a plan that is supposed to reunite the lovers. The night before she is to be wed to Paris, Juliet must drink a poison that will only make her look dead for some time.
However, the plan goes wrong: He cannot imagine living without her, so he decides to end his life as well. There, he meets Paris, whom he kills in a fight. Just a moment too late, Juliet awakes. She realizes the tragedy that has occurred and does not see a point in living anymore. The two families arrive at the tomb and are torn apart by the sight. Right glad I am he was not at this fray. Madam, an hour before the worshipp'd sun Peer'd forth the golden window of the east, A troubled mind drave me to walk abroad; Where, underneath the grove of sycamore That westward rooteth from the city's side, So early walking did I see your son: Towards him I made, but he was ware of me And stole into the covert of the wood: I, measuring his affections by my own, That most are busied when they're most alone, Pursued my humour not pursuing his, And gladly shunn'd who gladly fled from me.
Many a morning hath he there been seen, With tears augmenting the fresh morning dew. Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs; But all so soon as the all-cheering sun Should in the furthest east begin to draw The shady curtains from Aurora's bed, Away from the light steals home my heavy son, And private in his chamber pens himself, Shuts up his windows, locks far daylight out And makes himself an artificial night: Black and portentous must this humour prove, Unless good counsel may the cause remove.
My noble uncle, do you know the cause? I neither know it nor can learn of him. Have you importuned him by any means? Both by myself and many other friends: But he, his own affections' counsellor, Is to himself—I will not say how true— But to himself so secret and so close, So far from sounding and discovery, As is the bud bit with an envious worm, Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air, Or dedicate his beauty to the sun.
Could we but learn from whence his sorrows grow.
We would as willingly give cure as know. See, where he comes: so please you, step aside; I'll know his grievance, or be much denied.
I would thou wert so happy by thy stay, To hear true shrift. Come, madam, let's away.
Is the day so young? With their masks concealing their identity, they resolve to stay for just one dance. Because Romeo continues to be lovesick for Rosaline, Mercutio teases him for being such a stereotypical hopeless lover. Mercutio then delivers his highly imaginative Queen Mab speech in which he describes how the fairy delivers dreams to humans as they sleep.
Commentary Mercutio acts in contrast to the lovestruck Romeo and the peaceful Benvolio—he is a witty and quick-tempered skeptic.
To him, lawyers dream of collecting fees and lovers dream of lusty encounters; the fairies merely grant carnal wishes as they gallop by.
Mercutio is down-to-earth, whereas Romeo continues to indulge in idealistic, lovelorn daydreaming. Instead of a date with a pretty girl on a starlit night, he intuits that he goes to a date with destiny. The heavy tone of this premonition is far more serious than the shallow melancholy Romeo has so far expressed. Critical Commentaries: Act I, Scene 4 29 quote note or observe. Spanish blades the best swords were made with Spanish steel.
This is how Mercutio perceives love. The guests are greeted by Capulet, who reminisces with his cousin about how long it has been since they both took part in a masque.
Romeo sees Juliet and falls in love with her instantly. Romeo and Juliet continue their exchanges and they kiss, but are interrupted by the Nurse, who sends Juliet to find her mother. In her absence, Romeo asks the Nurse who Juliet is and on discovering that she is a Capulet, realizes the grave consequences of their love.
The feast draws to a close and Romeo leaves with Benvolio and the others. Juliet then discovers from the Nurse that Romeo is a Montague.
The imagery Romeo uses to describe Juliet gives important insights into their relationship. It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night. The lovers are repeatedly associated with the dark, an association that points to the secret nature of their love because this is the time they are able to meet in safety.
Such ethereal moments of the expression of true love never last long within this feuding society. In presenting these complex social interactions in a public space, the play explores not only the conflict between the two feuding families but also the conflict within the families and across the generations.
Romeo proceeds to woo Juliet with another sonnet which continues to use the religious imagery begun in the first sonnet to emphasize the wonder and spiritual purity of his love.
Flirting with his pure approach, Juliet teases Romeo as a lover who kisses according to convention rather than from the heart, but the audience recognizes that he has already shed most of his pretenses. Pentecost a religious festival, the seventh Sunday after Easter.
Capulet is keen to belittle Tybalt and force him to submit to his will as head of the household. For Romeo, love is likened to a religious quest. Critical Commentaries: Act II, Prologue 33 Act II, Prologue Act II opens with a prologue in sonnet form that highlights two key points: how Romeo is affected by meeting Juliet and the difficulties the lovers will face as members of two opposed families.
The opening lines of the Prologue address the speed with which Romeo and Juliet have fallen in love, while poking fun at the way Romeo has abandoned his pursuit of Rosaline. The Prologue does little to enhance the story and is often omitted when the play is performed. Many critics feel that a different author added the Prologue at some point after the play was originally written. Unlike the first Prologue, this one speaks less of fate; rather, it helps to build suspense.
Glossary foe supposed that is, because Juliet is a Capulet. Romeo hopes to see Juliet again after falling in love with her at first sight during the Capulet masquerade ball. He leaps the orchard wall when he hears Mercutio and Benvolio approaching. His friends are unaware that Romeo has met and fallen in love with Juliet. Commentary In this scene, Romeo begins a separation from his friends that continues throughout the play.
His inability to reveal his love of a Capulet heightens his isolation. By leaping the wall surrounding the Capulet orchard, Romeo physically separates himself from Mercutio and Benvolio—a separation that reflects the distance he feels from society, his friends, and his family.
He calls to Romeo using physical and sexual innuendo to describe the female allure. To Mercutio, love is a conquest, a physical endeavor. Mercutio jests that Romeo will think of Rosaline as a medlar fruit, which was supposed to look like the female genitalia, and himself as a poperin pear shaped like the male genitalia.
Juliet transports him from the dark into the light, moving Romeo to a higher spiritual plane. Mercutio attempts to raise or draw Romeo from his hiding place. Here Mercutio uses it to refer bawdily to the female genitalia. She despairs over the feud between the two families and the problems the feud presents.
Juliet leaves, but returns momentarily. They agree to marry.